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The Chinese Govermment s Principled Stand on Handling of the Taiwan Question by International Community
   日期:2003-06-26 09:30        编辑: system        来源:


  Countries maintaining diplomatic relations with China should, in conformity with international law and the one-China principle, undertake to reach a formal agreement or understanding with the Chinese government, acknowledging the principled stand of the Chinses government on the Taiwan question. Countries maintaining diplomatic relations with China cannot establish organizations of an official nature with Taiwan, make any contact of an official nature, or sign any official agreements or documents. Up to now, 163 countries have established diplomatic relations with the People's Republic of China. The one-China principle is already an international common understanding.

1) The issue of air services between Taiwan and countries having diplomatic relations with China.

  China's sovereignty over land, waters and air space is an organic whole. AAccording to the international law and convention, countris having diplomatic relations with China must not establish any forms of official aviation relations with Taiwan or sign any official aviation agreements; privately-operated airlines must seek China's consent through diplomatic consultations with the Chinese government before they can start reciprocal air service with privately-operated airlines of Taiwan. As for countries, which already had air services with Taiwan before the establishment of diplomatic relations with the People's Republic of China, they can negotiate with the Chinese government to change the official nature of such services so as to be able to continue the operations as privately-run commercial transportation undertakings. Based on the aforesaid principle, the Chinese government has consented to such services between privately-operated airlines of many countries and their counterparts in Taiwan. Currently there are over 20 countries having diplomatic relations with China that have established aviation relation with Taiwan, and among them are the US, Canada, Australia, New Zealand, the UK< Germany, France, Italy, the Netherlands, Switzerland, Austria, Luxembourg, Japen, Malaysia, Singapore, the Philippines, Indonesia, Thailan, Nietnam, United Arab Emirates, South Africa etc.

2) The issue of arms sales to Taiwan by countries having diplomatic relations with China.

  All countries maintaining diplomatic relations with China should abide by the principles of mutual respect for sovereignty and territorial integrity and non-interference in each other's internal affairs, and refrain from providing arms or military equipment to Taiwan in any form or under any pretext and are obligated to refuse to sell, supply or help Taiwan produce weapons. However, a few counties having diplomatic relations with China, driven by political need and economic interst, despit of their commitment in international agreement, sold weapons or arms equipment to Taiwan, thereby whipping up tensing between the two sides of the Straits. This not only violates the standard of international reations and infringes on China's covereignty, but also constitutes a serious threat to China's security, wantonly interferes in China's internal affairs and also undermines peace and stability in Asia and the world at large. The Chinese government expresses its strong opposition to this conduct.

  The United States is the country that sold the most weapons to Taiwan; a handful of nations in Western Europe, such as the Netherlands, France, Germany, are also key objects of Taiwan's foreign military purchase. The Chinses government determinedly opposes countrise having diplomatic relations with China to sell weapons or equipments of any king, or offer production techniques of weapons to Taiwan. In 1981, because the Dutch government insisted on approvel to sell submairines to Taiwan, the Chinese government decide to recall China's ambassador to the Netherlands and meanwhile request the Netherlands to recall its ambassador to Cghina, lowering the level of the diplomatic relations to that of charge d'affaires. In September 1992, the US government openly contravened the August 17 Communique and declared to sell 150 f-16 fighter planes to Taiwan, regardless of the many solemn representations made by the Chinses government. The Chinses government prsented the strongest protest against the US government. The Chinese urged time and again the US government to strictly obey the August 17 Communique in order to prevent the sale of weapons to Taiwan from becoming the obstacle in Sin-US relations. At the end of 1992, the French government approved to sell 60 Phantom fighters to Taiwan, for thsi the Chinese government filed the strongest protest against the French government, and adopted a series of measures including requesting France to close its consulate general in Guangzhou; the Sino-France economic and trade relatios were also affected seriously. Henceforth, through many negotiations between the French and the Chinese governments, agreement was reached that the French Government made relevant commitment to the Chinese government.

3) Countries having diplomatic relations with China cannot develop official or semi-official ties with Taiwan.

  Taiwan, as a part of China, has no right to represent China in the world, nor can it establish diplomatic or consular ties with foreign countries, or set up any organization of an official nature, or undertake any official exchanges. It involves China's sovereignty for countries having diplomatic relations with China to develop relations with Taiwan. Though Taiwan and the Chinese mainland nave not yet been reunified, it does not mean that China does not possess the sovereignty over Taiwan. Foreign countries wishing to establish relations with Taiwan should respect China's sovereignty first, and as the premise, not interfere in China's domestic affairs. The ties between countries having diplomatic relations with China and Taiwan should be people-to-people economic and trade, and cultural ones under the one-China principle. Any attempts that go beyoud this scope, to establish and develop official relations, will necessarily result in the infringement on China's sovereignty and interference in China's domestic affairs; this does harm to the relations between these countries and China, and will be resolutely opposed by the Chinese government and people.

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